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Philopappus' Funerary Monument
Philopappos Monument

Pholopappou Monument
This is the huge funerary monument sitting on the top of Philopappou Hill.

C. Julius Antiochus Philopappus, the last of the Commagene dynasty, was banished by the emperor Vespasian from his kingdom and lived in Athens. Here he lived as a generous benefactor and obtained the consular diginity (suffect consul in 109) from the Roman government.

This funerary monument was constructed between 114 and 116, probably by his family members. Two-storey structure is supported by a base. The monument is 12 m in height and made of Pentelic marble. The friese on the lower story represents Philopappos as (suffect) consul (AD 109) riding chariot - quadriga - and led by lictors, the upper part hosts the statues of himself (centre), his grandfather Antiochus IV Epiphanes (left), and the founder of the dynasty, Seleukos I Nikanor (right; now lost).

Philopappou monument behindNow about two third of the façade remains. The tomb-chamber behind the façade is completely destroyed except for the base (Left). Cyriacus of Ancona, who saw the monument in 1436, wrote it was still intact. The destruction must have occured afterwards.

This monument was restored in 1904 by the architect K. Balanos.


Reference

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