Roman Agora and the Tower of the Winds

Roman Agora

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<Location> Roman Agora, Athens, Attika, Greece

Julius Caesar started to build this market place with his fund and, as most of Caesar's constructions, Augustus terminated it betwenn 12 BCE and 2 CE. As its ancient name is unknown, it is now usually called the "Roman Agora", or "Caesar and Augustus' Agora". The rectangular central square measures 82 metres by 69 metres (it is 111 by 96 metres measuring all). The central open space is enclosed by Ionian style porticus from four sides and there are two gateways (prolylaia) toward East and West. The floor was paved with marble in the second century CE.

There were shops in the portici. In the southern porticus, there was a fountain and there still is some traces of it.

One of the goods sold and produced in this agora must have been olive oil, as there still are remains of olive-presses and an inscription of Hadrian that regulated the traffic of olive oil.

Near the agora there were public toilets and an un-identified public building, both from the imperial period. On the other hand, the Tower of the Winds, situated east to the agora, dates back to the Hellenistic period.


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