Kolonna Site, Aegina
Kolonna Site, Aegina
    Gate to Greece > Travel in Greece > Aegina > Aegina Town > Various Sights > Kolonna Archaeological Site > Various photos of the site

The photo above is the Temple of Apollo in the Kolonna (or Kolona) Site.

The Kolonna archaeological site is the ancient acropolis of Aegina city. The ancient Aegina was situated at the same place as the present Aigina, and this archaeological site is situated within walking distance from the town. There is also a relatively large archaeological museum that houses various archaeological finds from the island.

The name "Kolonna" came from the only remaining column of the Temple of Apollo (as you see in the photo above).

The oldest traces of human settlement date back to the neolithic period. There still remain bronze age (3000-2000 BCE) fortification walls.

From the seventh to the fifth century Aegina was one of the most important trade centre of the Aegean. The Temple of Apollo, built between the end of the sixth and the beginning of the fifth century reflect the prosperity of that period. Aegina fell into the hegemony of Athens at the middle of the fifth century (459/458 BCE).

At the western side of the Temple, there is a religious monument of the Attalids, constructed after 210 BCE,when the Attalid kingdom of Pergamum took the island.

In the later Roman period, the pagan sactuaries of the Kolonna hill were destroyed, but the occupation continued into the Christian period. During the Byzantine period, this area was used as the fortress: there is fortification constructed in the eleventh century.

As you can see in the photos monuments, except the Apollo temple, are difficult to identify.


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Copyrighted by K. Tabata